PerfectRouter.com DD-WRT Router Tutorial|
Configuring as an Access Point / Wireless Router
By default, DD-WRT is configured as an open / unsecured AP with the wireless
name 'dd-wrt'. If you want to use the router as an AP, you will probably want to
change the wireless network name and add security. This will be the topic of
You should start by setting up the setup page password as shown in the
tutorial, so you can get to
the various tabs of the setup page.
Make sure you are connected to the DD-WRT router by either an ethernet cable to
one of the four switch ports, or to the wireless network 'dd-wrt' before
The setup page by default is located at http://192.168.1.1 and is accessible by
entering the address into a web browser.
Testing Internet Connectivity
The first thing you will want to do when setting up an AP is assure that your
internet connection is functional. To do this, you will need to plug an ethernet
cable into the single internet port of your DD-WRT router and the other end
into one of the ports on your DSL or cable modem that was provided by your
internet service provider.
Make sure everything is powered up and plugged in, then wait about 30 seconds
and try to visit a web page such as http://google.com
With any luck it will come up, indicating that the default WAN configuration is
correct. If it does, you can skip down to the SSID and Security
section. Otherwise, continue reading to see how to change the WAN connection
WAN Connection Settings
If your internet does not work out-of-the-box, then you will need to change the
settings. The settings you will need to change are on the Setup>Basic Setup
tab in the top section, WAN Setup>WAN Connection Type.
Typically, your best bet is to log into the setup page of your old router
and assure that its equivalent settings for this section are copied over.
Otherwise, it may be necessary to contact your ISP to find out the proper
When you make any changes on a tab, you will need to click the save button at
the bottom of the page. Once all your changes have been made, click the Apply
button. In about 10 seconds the changes will have been enacted. If you are
changing your WAN connection type, you may want to wait an additional 30 seconds
or so, then refresh the setup page.
You can check to see if the WAN connection is working properly by refreshing the
setup page and looking at the upper right corner. If you see WAN IP: 0.0.0.0
then your WAN connection is not properly configured, plugged in, or powered up.
If you have anything other than 0.0.0.0, then your WAN connection is set up
properly and the DD-WRT router is getting an IP address from your modem.
If you're not getting an IP address, but you're sure that your settings are the same
as your old modem, it may be necessary to clone the MAC address over from your
old router to the DD-WRT router. To do this, you will need to figure out the IP
address of your old router. This is usually viewable in its web based setup
utility. You are looking for its WAN MAC / Physical address, which is a string
of letters and numbers such as 00:21:6A:8A:E5:34. You do not need the Wireless
Once you have found the WAN MAC of your old router, you will want to bring up
your DD-WRT router's setup page and go to the Setup>MAC Address Clone
tab. On this page, enable the MAC Clone feature then type the MAC
address from your old router into the Clone WAN MAC field. Then Save, then
Apply. If your old address was the address mentioned above, then your page
should look like what is shown below.
You will want to wait about 30 seconds, then power cycle your modem and DD-WRT
router. This feature fools your modem into believing your new router is your old
router, thus is useful when your modem has been programmed only to work with
your old router.
If it is getting an IP address, but your internet does not work, it is possible
that there is an IP address conflict between the DD-WRT router and your modem.
To fix this problem you will need to change the router IP. To do this, go to the
Setup>Basic Setup tab. Then, in the Network Setup>Router IP section
change the Local IP address from 192.168.1.1 to 192.168.3.1 as shown.
Then Save, then Apply. Give the router about 30 seconds to reboot, then
reconnect your computer to the router and test the internet again.
This will change the URL of your DD-WRT router's setup page from
http://192.168.1.1 to http://192.168.3.1
If your still not up and running, you may want to try plugging your old router
back up, then run the ethernet cable from one of its switch ports to the DD-WRT
router's internet port. If you still have issues you may need to contact us
using the link above or call your ISP for further assistance.
SSID and Security
To give your wireless network a unique name of your choosing go to the
tab. The wireless network name or SSID is the
name that will show up in your list of networks on your laptop for your Access
Point. Once you have entered your desired name be sure to Save, then Apply. It
may also be a good idea to set the Channel Width to Turbo and the Wireless
Channel to Auto, this way the DD-WRT router can
automatically use the least congested channel, or all channel bandwidth if
available so your network is faster. Also, you will want to leave the default
settings for TX Power and Antenna Gain. Atheros routers will automatically
adjust the power to the optimal level up to the TX power specified. The antenna
gain is used to calculate the maximum power allowed for your regulatory domain
so you are within the legal transmit power range allowed for your region. The
higher the antenna gain is set, the less power out you will be able to have so
it is best to leave it at 0 if you want maximum power output.
Also, DD-WRT includes a nifty feature where you can have multiple virtual APs
running on the same DD-WRT router. This is useful for example when you need an
unsecured network for guests, or a WPA2 secured network for PCs and a WEP
network for a Nintendo DS. You can add a virtual AP by using the Add button
under Virtual Interfaces. Each virtual interface can have its own unique SSID
and security settings.
Also, when you apply your changes you may be disconnected, this is because the
wireless network name will have changed, so you will need to reconnect.
It is always a good idea to secure your wireless network. This prevents
neighbors, and anyone else who does not know your wireless password from using
your internet service. This password is different than the setup page password,
as this will require a password to connect to DD-WRT router wirelessly, whereas
the setup page password prevents someone from changing settings on the router
Security is set up on the Wireless>Wireless Security
tab. Typically it
is best to use the following security type.
Security Mode: WPA2 Personal
WPA Algorithms: AES
Password: Must be equal to or greater than 8 characters
Key Renewal Interval (in seconds): 3600
It is not advisable to use WEP as anyone can acquire tools online to break into
a WEP secured network. WPA and WPA2 are currently unbreakable network security
After entering your desired security settings be sure to Save, then Apply. After
a few moments your network will require a password to connect wirelessly.
A few more tips..
Feel free to explore the DD-WRT setup page on your own, but be sure to make a
backup when you get a working configuration for your implementation. This is
and will allow you to restore your configuration in
the event something goes awry.
If you really mess up the configuration or forget a password, you can always
reset the unit back to the default configuration. This is done by powering up
the unit, then holding the reset button on the back of the router with a pen for
about 20 seconds or until the power light flashes at a regular interval. About a
minute later the unit will have rebooted and be accessible again.